India has signed white maritime agreements with several countries, including the United States and Singapore, and is working to reach a similar agreement with more countries as part of its ongoing efforts to develop an effective regional MDA. These multilateral agreements are necessary because of the heavy traffic in the Indian Ocean, which cannot be totally controlled by any nation. In 2014, the government approved the proposal for bilateral and multilateral agreements on the exchange of white maritime information with Navies, coastguard and maritime security agencies from 26 countries and 3 multinational groups. These agreements, which allow the exchange of unclassified information, are not in themselves security pacts, but would contribute to increasing existing maritime development capabilities (MDA) and thus improving maritime security. So far, agreements have been implemented with three countries and signed with three other countries. Commodore K.M. Ramakrishnan signed the agreement on behalf of the navy on Monday at the Italian navy headquarters in Rome, the navy said on Twitter. White navigation involves the exchange and exchange of prior information on non-military merchant ships related to identity and ships. There is a specific color code for ships. white is the color code for merchant ships, gray is the color for military ships and illegal ships are coded as black. The agreement provides for the reciprocal exchange of data on white ships. The Indian Navy`s Centre for Information Management and Analysis (Gurgaon) is the model centre for white maritime agreements. As the whole world is connected by the ocean, this is a security threat because everyone can move from one place to another.

Hence information on the identity of the ships needed to deal with a possible maritime threat. Indeed, the 26/11 Mumbai attack is a classic case of lack of information exchange and, therefore, mismanagement of the case. Based on the exchange of information by white navigation, the Indian navy works with other authorities such as the Coast Guard and Customs on the maritime domain Awareness (MDA). This contributes to better surveillance and thus enhances maritime security. To develop a well-known regional maritime zone, India has signed white navigation agreements with various nations such as the United States and Singapore, France and Israel. It will therefore be useful to obtain in advance information on the objective of the ship, its planned route, etc., in order to achieve an effective awareness of the maritime areas so that illegal vessels can be properly identified. The information is mainly available via the Automatic Identification System (AIS), which is equipped on merchant ships with a tonnage of more than 300 raw registrations after B.C., on behalf of the International Maritime Organization. AIS information, including name, MMSI number, position, trajectory, speed, last point of contact and target, can be recorded via AIS sensors. The Indian Navy`s mission is to conclude White Shipping`s information-sharing agreements with 36 countries and three multinational constructions.

To date, they have been signed with 19 countries and a multinational construction and data exchange with 12 countries are already underway. The transnational nature of the maritime zone ensures unfettered movement across the seas. The Indian Ocean region (IOC) accounts for 66% of the world`s oil, 33% of bulk goods and 50% of container transport with more than 100,000 ships transiting through the country each year. This is why situational awareness in the Indian Ocean region is important for the well-being of many countries. However, given the large amount of commercial shipping traversed by the IOC and the multinational nature of world trade, it is not possible for a single nation to monitor the oceans individually, which requires cooperation between countries. These include bilateral information exchange agreements.