17 Main feature of the agreementNorths: the agreement contains minimum standards of protection (I) Protected purpose to be protected (II) Rights to be transferred and exceptions allowed (III) Minimum duration of application of applicable procedures (I) Provisions relating to national procedures and remedies for respect for intellectual property rights (II) Includes, In addition to the administration, the general principle, civil and criminal procedure for respecting the rights of the holder of the right to settle disputes : the agreement also provides for the settlement of intellectual property rights disputes between Member States within the parameters of the dispute settlement procedure 3 Introduction of the Short History of Intellectual Property Rights (Intellectual Property Rights) Intellectual property rights are the rights conferred on individuals by the establishment of their ideas. They generally give the author an exclusive right to use his creation during a certain period of connection between intellectual property (IP) and trade: on the whole, two premises: (I) widespread piracy, Counterfeiting and infringement of intellectual property rights constitute an obstacle to trade (II) Intellectual property transfer agreements 12 Patents The TRIPS agreement obliges Member States to provide patents for inventions , whether it is products or processes, in all areas of technology without discrimination, subject to novelty, inventiveness and industrial applicability. to protect human, animal or plant life or human, animal or plant health or to prevent serious environmental damage …┬áThe product and the manufacturing process of the product can be patented. For example, if a person has invented an electric door lock that is a new innovation, that is functional and shows inventive abilities, it can be patented. If the product (lock) is patented, it is a product patent. If the process by which it was created is patented, it is a process patent. 2. One is intended for inventions contrary to public order or morality. this explicitly includes inventions that are dangerous or polluting for human, animal or plant life, or for health or health.

The application of this derogation is conditional on the fact that the commercial exploitation of the invention is also prevented and that this prevention is necessary for the protection of public order or morality. therapeutic and surgical methods for the treatment of humans or animals (Article 27.3 a) Members may, thirdly, exclude plants and animals other than microorganisms and essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals other than non-biological and microbiological methods. Overall, it has worked well, but it must continue to implement far-reaching provisions, particularly when dealing with important public policy issues 6 Relationship between trips agreements and other IP-the standards and WIPO multilateral conventions must be respected. Intellectual Property Rights (discussed in the ADPIC agreement) Review of TRIPS agreements Institutional implications Provisions for developing countries Conclusion 7 The acquisition and retention of IP member states must create office and operating positions for the acquisition and maintenance of RR procedures for granting and registering intellectual property rights , must be reasonable that Member States` rights must be contradicted, revoked and abolished The country can take measures to protect public health and the public interest The emergence of a programme for the application of intellectual property rights and access to essential medicines: challenges and opportunities in the free trade agreement.