An international commodity agreement is a commitment by a group of countries to stabilize trade, deliveries and product prices for participating countries. An agreement usually involves consensus on the quantities traded, prices and inventory management. A number of international commodity agreements serve exclusively as forums for information exchange, analysis and political debate. The USTR cites U.S. participation in two trade agreements on raw materials: the International Tropical Woods Agreement and the International Coffee Agreement (ICA). These two agreements form intergovernmental organizations with boards of directors. The International Tropical Woods Agreement (ITTA) is often referred to as a “hybrid agreement” because it combines a traditional trade agreement on raw materials with sustainable tropical forest management objectives. ITTA has established the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), a 59-member intergovernmental organization, which together represents about 80 percent of the world`s tropical forests and 90% of the annual tropical timber trade. ITTO promotes market transparency through the collection, analysis and dissemination of data on the production and trade of tropical timber; supports the development, funding and implementation of projects and other measures to strengthen the sustainable management and exploitation capacity of tropical forests; and facilitates intergovernmental consultation and international cooperation on trade and exploitation of tropical timber and sustainable management of its resource base. Negotiations for a successor itA agreement in 1994 were concluded in 2006 and the new agreement (ITTA 2006) is expected to intensify efforts to promote tropical timber trade in the framework of sustainable tropical forest management.

The United States has led recent efforts to renegotiate the ICA and the text of the Seventh International Coffee Agreement (ICA 2007) was adopted by the International Coffee Council on 28 September 2007. The new ICA aims to strengthen the OIC`s role as an intergovernmental consultation forum, increase its contribution to useful market information and transparency, and ensure that the Organization plays a unique role in developing innovative and effective capacity building in the coffee sector. One of the features of the new agreement is a first advisory forum on the financial sector of the coffee sector, which aims to promote the development and dissemination of innovation and best practices, which can enable coffee producers to better manage the financial aspects of the volatility and risks inherent in competitive and developing markets. Other notable changes include intensifying the Organization`s work on providing relevant and relevant statistical information on the market and strengthening efforts to develop, review and execute capacity-building projects that are particularly important to small farmers in major trading partners in developing countries. The International Coffee Organization (ICO) is the main intergovernmental organization for coffee. OIC exporters account for more than 97% of the world`s coffee production and their importing members are responsible for about 80% of the world`s coffee consumption. The OIC makes a practical contribution to the global coffee sector and to improving living standards in developing countries, facilitating intergovernmental consultation and coordination on coffee policies and priorities, promoting a sustainable coffee industry, launching coffee development projects to become value-added and improve commercialization by increasing global coffee consumption through innovative coffee development activities market, by promoting the improvement of the quality of coffee. , working closely with the global coffee industry through a 16-member private sector advisory committee and ensuring transparency in the coffee market, with objective and comprehensive information on the global coffee sector, through statistics and market research.