While Reagan and the two Bushes – all Republican presidents – have issued a considerable number of executive terms, conservative scholars say That Democrats Clinton and Obama have consistently exceeded their authority to pass guidelines in arenas where Congress had not acted. The DOJ is made up of 40 component organizations, including the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the U.S. Marshals and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Attorney General is the head of the DOJ and the chief police officer of the federal government. The Attorney General represents the United States on the law, advises the president and the heads of the government`s executive services, and sometimes appears in person before the Supreme Court. The Constitution lists only three qualifications for the presidency – the president must be 35 years old, be a naturally born citizen and have lived in the United States for at least 14 years. And although millions of Americans participate in a presidential election every four years, the president is not directly elected by the people. Instead, on the first Tuesday in November, people elect members of the Electoral College every four years. These voters, divided by population among the 50 states – one for each member of their congressional delegation (the District of Columbia gets 3 votes) – then voted for the president. The Electoral College currently has 538 voters.

In its Blueprint for a New Administration, the Heritage Foundation recommends that Trump set aside certain executive orders and other Obama directives, including guidelines that impose global warming and green energy practices for federal authorities; abandoning work requirements for social assistance recipients; Limit the application of immigration legislation; allow the use of trade union fees for political or lobbying activities; “Dignity and respect” for individuals in gathering information about foreign threats. The U.S. Constitution does not explicitly give a president the power to enter into executive agreements. However, it may be authorized to do so by Congress or may do so on the basis of its foreign relations management authority. Despite questions about the constitutionality of executive agreements, the Supreme Court ruled in 1937 that they had the same force as treaties. As executive agreements are made on the authority of the president-in-office, they do not necessarily bind his successors. Scientists say Congress has some leeway in defining the procedures the president must follow to exercise executive authority. Nevertheless, the Constitution limits the ability of the legislator to micro-manager the decision-making and enforcement of the law by the president.

The firm is an advisory body composed of the heads of the 15 executive departments. Cabinet members, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, are often closest to the President. In addition to leading major federal authorities, they play an important role in the president`s succession – after the vice-president, the speaker of the House of Representatives and the pro tempore Senate president, the succession to cabinet offices continues in the order in which the departments were created. All cabinet members take the title of secretary, with the exception of the head of the Department of Justice, appointed as Attorney General. Lincoln was the first to approach 50 with 48 executive orders.